Grading Criteria for Books:
- As New: A book that appears just as it came from the publisher, without blemish or flaw. The dust jacket (DJ) if issued with the book is perfect, without blemish or flaw. “As New” books has never been read.
- Fine: Book approaches “As New” but is not as crisp and tight and may have small defects such as minor tears in the DJ. One or a very small number of very minor defects are exception to a book in fine condition.
- Very Good: Show minor signs of wear. No tears in the binding or pages. Defects are noted. Very Good books are not dog-eared, foxed, or shelf-slanted, or Ex-Libris.
- Good: Book has some noticeable wear and fading and may show slight looseness. Defects and wear are noted.
- Fair: Book has very obvious wear. Some pages may be loose but the text material is complete. The endpapers may be missing. Defects and wear are noted.
- Poor: Book has complete text but may be missing maps or plates. Such copies may be scruffy, beat up, stained and have broken or torn hinges and weak or missing spines.
- Ex-Libris: Book was once part of a public, university/college, or corporate library. Typically identified with one or more markings from a library, i.e. stampings, card pockets, cataloging numbers, etc.
- Book Club Edition: Book has been issued by a book club and are typically of a lesser quality than the same title sold in bookstores. Very seldom considered collectible.